Frost, James

b. late 18th century Finchley (?), London, England
d. mid-19th century probably New York, USA
English contributor to investigations into the making of hydraulic cements in the early nineteenth century.
As early as 1807 Frost, who was originally a builder and bricklayer in Finchley in north London, was manufacturing Roman Cement, patented by James Parker in 1796, in the Harwich area and a similar cement further south, at Sheerness. In the early 1820s Frost visited Louis J.Vicat (1796–1861) in France. Vicat was a French engineer who began in 1812 a detailed investigation into the properties of various limestones found in France. He later published his conclusions, which were that the best hydraulic lime was that produced from limestone containing clay incorporating silica and alumina. He experimented with adding different clays in varying proportions to slaked lime and calcined the mixture. Benefiting from Vicat's research, Frost obtained a patent in 1822 for what he called British Cement. This patent specified an artificial cement made from limestone and silica, and he calcined chalk with the clay to produce a quick-setting product. This was made at Swanscombe near Northfleet on the south bank of the River Thames. In 1833 the Swanscombe manufactory was purchased by Francis \& White for £3,500 and Frost emigrated to America, setting up practice as a civil engineer in New York. The cement was utilized by Sir Marc Brunel in 1835 in his construction of the Thames Tunnel, and at the same time it was used in building the first all-concrete house at Swanscombe for Mr White.
Further Reading
A.J.Francis, 1977, The Cement Industry 1796–1914: A History, David \& Charles. C.C.Stanley, 1979, Highlights in the History of Concrete, Cement and Concrete Association.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Hurley (Twin Peaks) — James Hurley is a character from the television series Twin Peaks , created by David Lynch and Mark Frost.James (played by James Marshall) lives with his uncle Ed and his aunt Nadine due to his troubled family situation: his father (probably Ed s …   Wikipedia

  • James McGill — (* 6. Oktober 1744 in Glasgow, Schottland; † 19. Dezember 1813 in Montreal) war ein schottisch kanadischer Kaufmann, Offizier und Philanthrop. Nach ihm ist die M …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Frost — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Bond Girls — Une James Bond girl est un personnage féminin qui a un lien affectif avec James Bond, que ce soit dans un film, un roman ou un jeu vidéo. Par extenso, on qualifie également de James Bond Girl les comédiennes qui incarnent ces personnages.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Bond girl — James Bond girls Une James Bond girl est un personnage féminin qui a un lien affectif avec James Bond, que ce soit dans un film, un roman ou un jeu vidéo. Par extenso, on qualifie également de James Bond Girl les comédiennes qui incarnent ces… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Allan (politician) — James Noble Allan (November 13, 1894 May 9, 1992) was a Canadian politician. After serving as mayor of Dunnville and warden of Haldimand County along with various other municipal posts, Allan was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of… …   Wikipedia

  • Frost/Nixon — is a play by the British screenwriter and dramatist Peter Morgan. Its subject is the series of televised interviews that Richard Nixon granted David Frost in 1977 and that ended with a tacit admission of guilt regarding his role in the Watergate… …   Wikipedia

  • Frost (surname) — Frost is the surname of: * A. B. Frost * Adrienne Frost * Alex Frost * Andy Frost * Anthony Frost * Arthur Frost * Ben Frost (artist) * Ben Frost (musician) * Cordelia Frost, fictional character * Craig Frost * Dan Frost (born 1961), Danish track …   Wikipedia

  • James Frost (cement maker) — James Frost (1780? 1840?) was a British cement manufacturer, and invented processes that led to the eventual development of Portland cement.James Frost was born in Finchley, North London, England [Francis A J, The Cement Industry 1796 1914 ,… …   Wikipedia

  • James Hearst — (August 8, 1900 July 27, 1983), born James Schell Hearst, was an American poet, philosopher and university professor, who was sometimes described as the “Robert Frost of the Midwest.” (Alluding to this, someone once said to Frost, who was a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.